A small miners band, established in 1908 at the Gabriela mine, played at mining festivals and church events. It became well-known in the area and expanded. An essential milestone came in 1943 when Viktor Bystroň accepted the baton.
Victor Bystroň gave the orchestra a solid basis and raised its artistic qualities expanding the repertoir. The number of the members grew and the band started playing outside the region, recording for the radio and taking part in contests and festivals. In 1963, Viktor Bystroň handed over the baton to his son Milan.
Milan Bystroň expanded the orchestra with then-unusual instruments (saxophones, bassoons, oboes) and thus initiated another artistic growth. Májovák (the orchestra's name since 1965) starts playing abroad (Poland, France), wins awards at local and European festivals, records for the radio, television and releases its first LP.
Karel Bria accepts the baton and the orchestra experiences a growth never seen before. In 1989, it wins a gold medal at WMC Kerkrade. Apart from this, Májovák records for the radio and television, visits more countries (Belgium, Germany, Russia, Norway, Hungary, the Netherlands, Austria) and plays both in the region and its homeland.
Crucial changes in the economic system after 1989 lead to a crisis within the orchestra and almost to its demise. In 1993, Milan Bystroň returns as chief conductor, the organisation basis changes and the crisis is gradually overcome. Májovák releases its first CD, plays home and abroad (Austria, Germany, Italy, Poland) and has bold artistic ambitions. Jiří Bystroň, Milan Bystroň's son, conducts the orchestra and together with this father expand on the almost 100 years long tradition.
The orchestra is conducted by Milan Bystroň, Vlastimil Blažek and Marek Prášil. It travels to Slovakia, Poland, Italy, Austria (MID Europe Schladming), Norway, France and Slovenia. It regularly takes part in the international competition in Ostrava, where it wins several gold medals and prizes for test pieces and conductor's performances. In 2008, Májovák celebrates its 100th anniversary, and 2009 marks the end of Milan Bystroň's career as chief conductor. The band plays at St. Wenceslas festival of religious music, performs Carl Orff's scenic cantata Carmina burana and Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture. Since February 2013, the orchestra's residence has been the Bedřich Smetana School of Arts in Karviná, where it co-operates with music teachers.
Ondřej Packan became the orchestra's chief conductor. Májovák successfully played at concerts in Karviná and Ostrava, in July 2014 it participated at the MID Europe festival in Schladming, Austria. In June 2015 it was awarded gold medal at the Ostrava international competition and won the best conductor's performance prize. It also played at Janáček's Hukvaldy, where it honored its two former conductors - Karel Bria and Milan Bystroň.